What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

Giri Dv

Giri Dv, works at SRF Limited

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Réponse d'origine: Was the British rule a boon or a curse for India?

According to me it was a boon. There might have been lot of negatives. But in balance it was good for us.
The reasons for saying so are:

1. We were not a single country. We were scattered states of many small kingdoms. The kings became kings by way of birth and not by voting or democracy. It depended on the people's luck to get a good king. Once the British left the country, we evolved into a single nation with a single government and democratic election process.

If the British had not come here, whether we would have shed our independent kingdoms and coalesced into a single country? To my mind, it seems very far fetched. We would have continued as independent nation-states like African countries and had monarchies to rule over.

2. We got a very good network of railways. Railways are important for the growth of a country. Without railways we would not have reached any level of economic growth. When we took over, the railways were available ready-made to us.

3. We got a very good administrative system to run the government with. To manage a very large country like India, you need a strong administrative system. They left us with the system of IAS officers also, whatever it was called as in those days.

4. They left a legacy of a strong legal system. Without a strong legal system, there would be anarchy. We got a ready made legal system with a full set of courts, judges and laws. This took at least 300 years to evolve in the UK.

5. An incidental benefit is the legacy of English - which helps us to get a favourable viewpoint from foreign investors when they choose investment destinations.

6. We got a good unified education system.

Gaurav Gupta

Gaurav Gupta, I love my nation and will bring back Vedic Bharat

Répondu il y a 96w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 278 et de vues de réponses 254.9k

Réponse d'origine: What was an effect of the British Raj?

This is really a very very great quest , while working over topic “ ANCIENT INDIA VEDIC SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS SYSTEMS” , I had found much more than expected . I am working on this topic from last 5 years but did’nt got any platform to present it , so recently I just started my blog

An Indian Inside

I will be writing much more about this topic in my blog , so do follow it if u r interested.

So coming on the question

As stated by Britishers, India was a land of rat , cats and dogs , it is a land of black magic , land of uncivilized people , uneducated one etc etc

Real name of India was

Bharat

Arya-vart { land of Aryas{ Arian race }, Arian race was considered to be most intellectual and smart race }

India or Hindustan name were given by brtishers and Portuguese.

In actual India was

Most Intelligent nation

Most prosperous nation

Most intellectual nation

High Strategic significant nation

High exporting nation

Full of jewels and Gold

Highest currency value nation

Even before Britishers came to India , India started dividing . Earlier India was country combine of

India {today}

Pakistan

Afghanistan

Iran

Irak

Myanmar

Bangladesh

Népal

Bhoutan

From past history because or western invasion of Muslim kings , dynasties and looters India started dividing and was losing his wealth .

Muhmmad ghajni looted India , when he went back to his state he did’nt took taxes from his public for about 4years , every thing was build and managed by treasuries of Kings looted from India.

Somantha temple , Ahmdabad, Gujrat , India

This somnath temple was destroyed 17 times by western invaders, because this temple was made from gold completly and was full of gems and treasures. The was completly destroyed13 times and was rebuild15 times in Indian history . Last time it was rebuild and rehabilitated by Indian Govt in 1950 with the efforts of India’ s first home minister Sardar vallabh bhai patel { the present form } .

When it come to India before Britishers

When Britishers came to india , they saw a very unique thing that is UNITY , since India was a vibrant country , having several religion , language, believes and ethic , There was nothing to unite them . So LORD MACAULAY was given charge to find a way , so that they can divide and rule because they want to rule India because of its treasures of knowledge and prosperity.

Lord Macaulay gave his report to queen in which he stated that

“ Bharat has 16 thousands{16,000} school level institutions named as GURU KUL , in which every children is bid to study 22 subjects like MATHS , PHYSICS, CHEM, BIOLOGY, ASTRONOMY , VEDAS etc from age to 5 to 16 .

After then 16k schools they have 2200 college level institutions in which selected students are allowed to study specific subject of his interest , and after college they have 1200–1300 super specialist institutions in which student study their subjects in more deep .

The most fascinating thing is that , they dont have any examinations , only teachers which they them as “ ACHARYA “ , advice the student according to his performance for the subject .

He also mentioned that he did’nt found any begar in India .

He also mentioned that 3 things are always free in India

Éducation

Nourriture

Santé

About health he also deeply spoken about ayurveda and Sith { another very famour traditional medication method } .

India was so prosperous that gold was the standard of trade .

India contribute 23% to world’ s GDP when Britishers arrived in India. But they left us with 2.3% portion of world’s Gdp .

India was the biggest exporter .

India contribute 65% of Silk route and 90–93% of spices route.

India was most knowledgeable country whether it is science , maths or sprituality.

Whole trigonometry was developed in India

1. Sin

2. Cosine

3. Tan etc

4. 0 was derived by indian Sage ARYABHATTA

In totality india was ruined by Britishers for their benefits. The jewel KOHINOOR in crown of queen Elizabeth was exported , actually looted from Karnataka, India .

The world LOOT in eng dictionary , is an Hindi world LOOT , which mean is to steal.

When britishers came to India , India was like

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

And after them it is like

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

This shows what Britishers done to India.

Do visit my blog

An Indian Inside

Read in future articles about Bharat , it's ethnicity , culture , variations, languages and science of Ancient Vedic Bharat .

Abdaal M. Akhtar

Abdaal M. Akhtar, Civil Servant, Quizzer, Railfan

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Répondu il y a 212w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 136 et de vues de réponses 1.1m

Réponse d'origine: Was British domination of India a blessing or a curse? What are the pros and cons of British hegemony?

The following are, in my opinion, the major pros and cons:

a) It is unlikely that India would have had its present geographical boundaries. Even if we assume that an Indian Garibaldi would have arisen and unified India, much of what is now North East India would have been independent. It is also unlikely that the extreme south of India would have joined in this Federation. So we can thank the British for the current map of India.

b) Religious violence would have raised its head in the 19th century and massacres of great proportion would have occurred-a bit like the Dungan and Taiping Rebellions in China around the same time.

c) We would not be conversing in the English language. Instead we would be just like China, trying to pick up the language on a rapid scale. It would have also made a great difference to our popular culture as Western thought and education would have played no part in our nation building. The ideas of secularism, socialism, democracy etc would have played a fringe role in our popular consciousness.

d) India, in whatever form, would have been a Federal nation with strong localised traditions and devolution of powers. The unitary structure of Government is the most direct legacy of the British Raj.

e) India would have been a much more prosperous country, primarily due to its flourishing agriculture and related sectors. We may even have become an industrialised developed nation by now, because the introduction of advanced agricultural techniques would have led to increasing prosperity and subsequent move towards the secondary sector some fifty years ago. If there would have been 4-5 Indias in place of the one country we know now, the development would have been even greater.

f) Britain would have been a great power for much of the last 200 years but nothing like what it ended up being in reality. It was wealth from India that financed the British Empire. The European balance of power would have been much more stable and for all we know a Germany may have been the pre-eminent power in the world today.

Sreemay Basu

Sreemay Basu

Répondu il y a 31w

Réponse d'origine: What is positive impact and negative impact of British rule in India?

Negative -

  • Millions killed (worst massacres in history of civilization in contemporary reassessment) throughout the period of occupation, particularly in Bengal
  • Trillions upon trillions looted.
  • Fractures in the vast geo-political landscape exposed and exploited. Muslim rulers first exterminated and later, animosities and bitterness against Muslim excesses during the preceding period in history exacerbated by using Muslims (and Anglo-Indians) in police and administration to repress freedom fighters - post-mutiny
  • Indian Railways built for administration and commerce but at great environmental cost (see Autobiography of Acharya P.C.Ray)
  • Judiciary set-up for hypocritical reasons to give a facade of fairness to outright usurpation of land and resources from the indigenous rulers (Hastings and Impey hanged Raja Nandakumar - the very first case at the High Court at Calcutta in 1728)
  • British manufacturing shored up by eliminating competition (Muslin weavers’ thumbs cut off). India de-industrialized, percentage of population in Agriculture increase year on year; land-grab in the name of Permanent Settlement and setting up of exploitative Jamindari system
  • The worst aspect of the occupation was the belittling of race and culture. They came to Akbar’s court whose monthly income was greater than Queen Elizabeth’s annual revenue (which included the pirated Spanish, South American gold, by Drake), as a people whose lives were ‘nasty brutish and short’ and left as ‘rulers of the waves’, with an empire over which ‘the sun never sets’. India the fabled land of Marco Polo, Al Biruni and Fa Hien, was reduced in worldview to a land of fakirs, snake charmers and rope-trick magicians. After the “Mutiny” Indians were treated as ‘dogs’ not to be allowed into whites-only Clubs.
  • This racism was institutionalized in administration practice and policy. These have never been overhauled, colonial laws remain unchanged and administrative structures remain overwhelmingly ‘revenue gathering’ - with District magistrates as Collectors. Race has been merely replaced as ‘class’. Nehruvian governance has always been top-down, that is why the administrative service has assumed the arrogant mindset of Sahibs and are virtually unaccountable for their conduct and actions. The reaction to all this is the assertiveness of the newly elected “subaltern” political class and dismantling of the India-Bharat divide.
  • History was altered and historical artifacts vandalized. Indigenous peoples of India were depicted as savages with Caucasian (Aryan) immigration bringing in Philosophy and learning. Only other source of ‘knowledge’ were supposedly through trade contacts with Greeks, Arabs and Europeans.
  • Education system engineered to produce cadres of subservient clerics. Pre-independance achievements in science and arts were malgré active Colonial antagonism. Science college in Kolkata funded by private donation produced, Sir Jagdish Bose, Sir P. C. Ray, C. V. Raman, S. N. Bose (Bosons), Meghnad Saha et al. Institute of Science, founded by Tatas but adopted by the British was given funding - producing nothing significant.

Positive -

  • The greatest positive of Colonial rule was the reformation of corrupt Hindu practices. Educated elites of Bengal society inspired by Derozio’s Young Bengal movement started questioning traditional religious practice (among other things including, colonial occupation) which repressed and exploited women. Ram Mohan Roy was successful in co-opting the British to ban Suttee immolation by law, and later Vidyasagar, to allow widow re-marriage. This legacy of intervention in the affairs of Hindu religious practice by administration continues till date. Legislature and Courts feel free to act as well, replacing Hindu religious laws with Civil Laws. The case is quite different with the other religions in India. There there is noticeably more reticence in the name of freedom of religious practice and reforms are yet to be instituted. Women of Muslim and Christian faith do not enjoy the civil and constitutional liberties - in practice - as Hindu women do.
  • Individual British officers contributed far and beyond the call of duty to improve the lot of the people, like Bethune who founded the first women’s school in India. Vidyasagar took up this school and later, the first women’s college in Asia, as well as establishing 30 odd schools over the province. James Princep of Brahmi and Kharosti scripts fame is another name that comes to mind.
  • The yoke of colonial subjugation was instrumental in ushering in the Bengal Renaissance. Hundreds of years of societal evolution in Europe through the reformation in Germany and later England, to the Enligtenment (1483 - 1701) was compressed to a mere fifty years and the first coherent intellectual, moral, philosophical challenges to Colonial rule began to emerge. The focus of these challenges were British and European audiences - cast above the repressive, self-serving, constricted mind-set of the colonial paradigm. India began to emerge in worldview in a completely different light freed from British propaganda. That the momentum was lost après indépendance is a matter of lasting regret.
  • Finally, I suppose, the language - English. The BPOs, IT revolution, and Booker nominations and prizes were only possible as we were forced to learn the language. China, Japan, Korea, all suffer from the lack of it - thank God for small mercies.
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Puneet Bansal

Puneet Bansal, Director : Forecasting and Strategy at DRG Group (2017-present)

Répondu il y a 74w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 223 et de vues de réponses 1m

British Ruled in India was absolutely disastrous for Indian sub continent , on any parameter that you can use to gauge it: Literature, Religion, Harmony, Education, Economy, Science , Growth or just the basic living.

Britishers absolutely crumbled the self esteem and the very fabric of Indians. They destroyed it to that level that very DNA of Indian culture was mutated for life.We are still not able to recover from that slow but harsh poison that paralyzed Indian thinking forever.

Before the advent of Britishers, Indian were confident , peaceful and prosperous community. After they left, Indians were demoralized and poor yet peaceful people. Only thing that they could not alter was resolve of Indians and their patience to handle pain: Rest everything was shattered and destroyed.

I will cover two main losses that touches everyone’s life :

  1. Human Loss and
  2. Economic loss

Human loss

It has never been captured in our History books or told to Indians over the generations. But, that does not mean that these atrocities by Britishers never happened. It has been a terrible saga of Mass Murders by the colonial rulers on the Indian Sub-continent:

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

Not so long ago, Shashi Tharoor demanded reparations from the British for the exploitation of India that they rampantly carried out in their 190 odd years of rule in India but can any reparation offset the criminality with which the British murdered the Indians in man made famines? The answer is a no because millions of Indians were wiped out due to the sheer lack of interest and respect towards the Indian lives.

From 1773 to 1900 there were as many as 22 famines which killed Millions of Indians. because of British greed and insensitivity towards Indians. The great Bengal Famine of 1770 wiped off 1/3 of the Bengali population which was roughly a crore back then. Then came the great Madras Famine of 1783 which was the consequence of the greed for more land. Then came the great famine of 1784 which was a result of the use of the revenues for private use by the British Residents in the court of Oudh.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

After that there was the great famine of Bombay in 1803 which was caused as a result of the aggression of British towards Marathas. The marauding troops of the Pindaris and the British ransacked the crops and the arable land.

The famine of 1823 in Madras started the Ryotwari system but it failed to have any impact on the occurrence of famines in the Madras presidency.

The great famine of Northern India in 1837 was so devastating that the Governor General had to appoint officers for removing corpses from the rivers in Agra and Fatehpur. Animals devoured upon the rotting human dead bodies.

Baird Smith, an English official placed the figure of dead at 8 lakhs.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

Map of famines in India between 1800 and 1878

  • Great famine of Northern India killed some 1.5 lakh people in 1860.
  • Orissa famine killed 4.5 lakh in 1866 despite of the relief works.
  • The famine in Rajputana coupled with cholera and locust attacks killed 12. lakhs.
  • The Bengal Famine in 1879 did not see any loss of life, albeit there was shortage of edible grains.
  • During the Madras famine of 1877, the wages of the people employed in compensation works was reduced to below subsistence levels. As a result, despite of the relief, some 5 million people got killed.

One thirds of the revenues from the rentals was sent out of India to England. The over assessment of the rentals killed the farmer and the Zamindar alike.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

The corpse during the Bengal famine: You could see the Britishers as Vultures

The wrath of the great famines was not the work of nature, it was not a natural calamity. The British perpetrators are responsible for the brutal killings of Indians.

Sadly, our history books always have been silent and will remain such till the time truth will be brought out in light and our erstwhile masters will be implicated for the atrocities that they committed knowingly . Britain developed at the cost of our blood and sadly no amount of money can remove this guilt that they have at their hands.

The worst of them all: Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill, the hallowed British War prime minister who saved Europe from a monster like Hitler was disturbingly callous about the roaring famine that was swallowing Bengal’s population. He casually diverted the supplies of medical aid and food that was being dispatched to the starving victims to the already well supplied soldiers of Europe. When entreated upon, he said, “Famine or no famine, Indians will breed like rabbits.” The Delhi Government sent a telegram to him painting a picture of the horrible devastation and the number of people who had died. His only response was, “Then why hasn’t Gandhi died yet?"

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?


Economic loss

Indian economy was the biggest in the world before the East India Company lay its feet on Indian Soil and post that it was the downward fall, to the level that prospering Numero Uno economy was in doldrums when India gained Independence in 1947. From contributing +25% to world GDP in 1700+ , Indian economy became a mere shadow of itself and was paltry contributing mere 3%+ to world economy in 1940+.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

There is no doubt that our grievances against the British Empire had a sound basis. As the painstaking statistical work of the Cambridge historian Angus Maddison has shown, India's share of world income collapsed from 22.6% in 1700, almost equal to Europe's share of 23.3% at that time, to as low as 3.8% in 1952. Indeed, at the beginning of the 20th century, "the brightest jewel in the British Crown" was the poorest country in the world in terms of per capita income.

— Manmohan Singh

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

At the same time ( 1850 onward) other countries were reaping the benefits of Industrial revolution and for India it was clock ticking backwards. The most advance economy with Vedic science as a backbone was forced to loose its grip on growth and stagnated close to 2 centuries , which otherwise would have been a golden period of boom

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What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

The self sufficient Agrarian economy was on the verge of becoming the Industrial powerhouse while UK was still in dark ages. But the masters turned it upside down and when they left Indian Industrial potential was only 10% of UK where as it was 1500% in 1750.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

All this was happening as wealth was looted and flowing from slaves to masters from East to West. when India should have been ushered into the new era of economic liberty, they were forced down the pitch black tunnel of serfdom by their erstwhile masters. India’s per capita GDP stagnated during the colonial era and UK flourished at the expense of India.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

The Indian GDP started growing fast once the post colonial hangover was over by mid 1980s. Indian initially were not able to manage their economy well as Britishers never allowed them to learn this skill in the last 200 years and the impact was visible in very slow GDP growth between 1947 and 1980s+.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?

India is able to slowly crawl towards its rightful place in Economic pecking order. India gained alot of % point as a contribution to world GDP between 1970 and 2008 and this growth is even faster post 2008.

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?


So in nut shell, Britishers (MIS)treated us exactly in the way a master treats the slaves and they completely broke all possible bones on which this structure of Indian set up was flourishing for all these millenniums. They forced us back by atleast a century.

However, the time and resolve will take justice and the effect of that has already been visible. India is no longer considered land of snake charmers but country of bright people charming the IT world with Mouse in hand.

India has overtaken UK in terms of the Nominal GDP (USD) in 2016. Different sources are giving different numbers ( and debate is still on) but one thing which is almost certain is that for the first time in 150+ years , India is a bigger economy than UK or will become bigger in next 1–2 years:

Forbes Bienvenue

India surpasses UK in terms of GDP for the first time in 150 years: What it means

What was the impact, and pros and cons, of British rule on India?


Timeline of major famines in India during British rule - Wikipedia

Great Famine of 1876–78 - Wikipedia

Viewpoint: How British let one million Indians die in famine - BBC News

The Bengal Famine: How the British engineered the worst genocide in human history for profit

Economy of India under the British Raj - Wikipedia

Rohit Ramanathan

Rohit Ramanathan, Indian/Patriot/Vegetarian/Numismatist/Philatelist. I love my country a lot, whatever people say about her!!

Répondu il y a 217w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 60 et de vues de réponses 189.4k

It definitely had a great impact on india, some good and many bad.
A few of those impacts are below.

1) Loss of indian Culture.
We seemed to have lost our culture and seem to adopting western culture more than indian. We are indian because of our culture and not because of our religions.

2) Loss of Money.
We lost a huge amount of the money which was brought into our country. All was stolen and looted back to england. This also led to widespread poverty and this poverty was misused for various other gains.

3) Loss of Natural Resources but Gained some development.
AS a part of british rule, the britishers utilized us to mine our resources and take it back to england. Though in the instance of taking the natural resources from our country, they helped develop our country a bit.
Ex: Railways.

4) Loss of Indian education systems and emergence of western language and teaching.
These days most schools are english-medium and very rarely do we have a mother-tongue medium school and as a result, we don't seem as proficient in our mother-tongues as our parents or grandparents.
I would have preferred english to be learnt more as a language but knowledge must always update itself.

5) Identification of certain flaws within ourselves.
The british systems did in fact help the indians, mainly the hindu sections to identify the flaws that existed in the systems of hinduism that were being followed. Ex: Caste discrimination, misuse of dowry etc.

6) Division within ourselves.
Our people were split into various states, religions etc.. and we were forced to fight against each other. Even today, we have so many riots happening within our country leading to loss of life. We even lost parts of our country and new countries emerged.

7) Huge loss of life.
We were forced to fight against a large army and we lost a large number of lives due to the our revolts, strikes, marches and our fight for freedom.

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