Quelles sont les différences entre un domaine de premier niveau et un domaine de pays?

Noah Peter

Noah Peter, Développeur web

Répondu il y a 11w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 54 et de vues de réponses 35.9k

Nice doubt, to make you understand everything I have included an article in detail here. Find some time to check it out.

What's the difference between a ccTLD and a gTLD?

A gTLD is a generic Top Level Domain. These are top level domains that are NOT affiliated with any country and can be registered by anyone for a fee. Current examples of TLDs are .com, .net, .biz, .info and .org. ccTLDs are Country Code Top Level Domains.These are the two character top level domain names affiliated with various countries around the world. Many ccTLDs are closed or restricted, requiring proof of residency in the country in question. Others are not restricted, and can be purchased much like gTLDs.

Quelles sont les différences entre un domaine de premier niveau et un domaine de pays?

Important Top Level Domains

There are TLDs that are only accessible to a specific group.

If you want to use this TLD for your own domain name, you usually have to prove the authorization.

These group-exclusive TLDs are called sponsored TLDs . In contrast, there are unsponsored TLDs .

Important TLDs that can be registered by anyone are:

  • .com, which signals commercial websites with English-language and more American or internationalized offerings,
  • .net, which stands for "Network" and is often used to emphasize the network idea of ​​an offer,
  • .org, originally intended for non-commercial organizations and used today by American or international organizations,
  • .info, which was intended for information providers, but has never quite prevailed in this sense,
  • .biz for "Business", which was also not particularly accepted by the market,
  • .name for private individuals, also of subordinate importance in Europe,
  • .pro for "professionals", a rather seldom seen TLD
  • .arpa, a relic from the ARPAnet past of the Internet, still used today with the second-level domain for the reverse resolution of an IP address

For example, sponsored TLDs you see more often are .edu.

This usually applies to the pages of US universities or colleges, because the authorization to use an .edu domain is monitored by the US Department of Education.

From time to time, .gov domains also play a role here, namely when US government agencies show an international offer on the web: for example, shows the German-language website of the US Consulate in Frankfurt am Main.

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In addition .aero, .mil, .post, .museum play a certain role.

Some special cases are:

  • .xxx, which is supposed to signal erotic and pornographic offers,
  • .tel, for telephone and contact data with the special feature that some data is stored directly in the DNS records as NAPTR or TXT entries,
  • .mobi to identify especially mobile-friendly websites,
  • .int to be used by mutlinational organizations

It can be seen that the original generic TLDs are mainly tailored for the American language area.

German museums prefer to rely on a country-specific top level domain, in this case .de, to publish their website.

Advantages of country-specific domain endings

The biggest advantage of country-specific domain endings is that the website can be tailored to a particular country.

Especially when it comes to cases in which a language is spoken in different countries, country-specific domain endings allow the exact address of a specific target group.

For example, if you would like to offer products or services in Austria, you can use the AT domain to target the Austrian market on the website in spite of the German language.

In the same way it works internationally in English, if you talk about the UK market especially in the UK market.

Another advantage is the higher level of trust that website visitors have in a website with a country-specific domain.

If you are in search of products or services in Germany, you usually prefer providers who operate a website with a DE domain.

Especially when it comes to online shopping, where sensitive data such as address or payment information must be communicated, the confidence in a clearly local provider is higher than it is in any internationally active provider.

Nigel Roberts

Nigel Roberts, I founded .GG

Répondu il y a 57w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 530 et de vues de réponses 337.6k

First of all, if by “country level domain” you mean country-code domain (“ccTLD”) then a ccTLD *is* a top-level domain.

Technically, there’s NO difference at all.

Secondly, of course, the main difference is that an ASCII ccTLD is always two letters, and any other TLD is never as short as two letters.

Thirdly, there is immense difference in the policy background to ccTLDs.

Other TLDs are now regulated by contract between the relevant registry and ICANN. ccTLDs are not: they are based around a 1994 policy document known as RFC 1591 (and a Framework of Interpretaion, which expands on that.)

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Other TLDs USED to be based on RFC1591, but TLDs created more recently are done by agreement with ICANN, and historic TLDs such as .COM traded contracts with ICANN for certain benefits.

ccTLDs work on a principle of subsidiarity. It is the ccTLD manager who determines policies in the ccTLD, according to the needs and wishes of the local population, not ICANN.

So that’s why ccTLDs can have quite different polices from each other, and gTLDs are quite similar to each other.

Abhishek Chauhan

Abhishek Chauhan, B.Tech Computer Science (2015)

Répondu il y a 57w

Differences between top-level domain and a country level domain.

  1. Domaine de premier niveau have affiliation to an idea or a general concept on the internet. For ex: .com (commercial), .pari (betting), . Org (organisation) etc.
    Pendant ce temps, Country level domain have an affiliation to a country, island or a recognized region. For ex: .de (Allemagne), .cn (Chine), . Tk (Tokelau) etc.
  2. Registries of TLD’s can be any commercial body in contract with L'ICANN.
    Meanwhile, for ccTLD there is a separate contract and they are generally from the very same nation and not a commercial entity.
  3. ccTLD work on subsidiarity rule. Rules are set according to the needs and wishes of the nationals by the manager of the ccTLD, Pas L'ICANN and thus all countries have their own regulations and rules.
  4. In terms of use, there is no real difference both are used for same purpose, but can be used differently according to a specific target group.

Branko Jovanovic

Branko Jovanovic, Gestionnaire de site Web et concepteur graphique (1997-present)

Répondu il y a 57w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 1.6k et de vues de réponses 696k

Talking about generic top level domains (.com, .org, .net) we can say that they are the most common domain names on the internet, also been with us the longest.

The difference and the benefit that country code top level domains bring is that for some regions they are more popular amongst the local population, and in local search the search engines will display ccTLDs first (for example if someone does a search from UK then websites with .uk domain name will have advantage and be displayed before .com and other gTLDs).

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So I want to put the long answer short, if you are a local business then you will probably see more traffic from search engines if you have ccTLD. If you are a global business then again with ccTLD you are not in a disadvantage as your global ranking will have same strength as .com, though you probably will want to register a gTLD for a international business website.

Paolo Mauroner

Paolo Mauroner, 7Growth, Domain name sales, acquisition and Consulting

Répondu il y a 57w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 306 et de vues de réponses 100.2k

with a cctld (cuntry level domain) you want to target a specific counter and if you put good quality content the search engines will understand this giving you a better SEO position.

Pay also attention that many cctlds can have different rules (about expiration, ownership and so on) so be sure to give a check to not have bad surprises later

Jean Guillon

Jean Guillon, New gTLD consultant and News Editor.

Répondu il y a 57w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 348 et de vues de réponses 269.2k

A ccTLD is a top-level domain but if you refer to the difference between a ccTLD and a gTLD: the first one designates a country while the other designates a generic term.

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