Quel pourcentage des transactions Bitcoin implique du blanchiment d’argent?

Vega Lotsatoshis

Vega Lotsatoshis, Développeur de crypto-monnaie (2017-present)

Répondu il y a 153w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 52 et de vues de réponses 54.6k

I'm not sure I understand what you mean by your question. Money laundering is the act of representing illegitimate earnings as legitimate. For instance, a drug dealer like Walter White opens a cash business like a car wash, and reports all of his drug money as earnings from the car wash. Laundering money is not the same as hiding money, though frequently people launder money that was previously hidden.

It is possible that some fraction of bitcoin transactions are intended for laundering. For instance, you could list your ebook for sale in exchange for bitcoins, and have a million "buyers" buy it for bitcoins directly through your website. Then you could explain to the tax authorities where your money came from and it all looks legit.

It is hard to figure out the percentage that these transactions make up of all transactions, however.

Ellery Davies

Ellery Davies, Coprésident: normes de crypto-monnaie Asso. Producteur et animateur: l'événement Bitcoin

Répondu il y a 153w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 738 et de vues de réponses 3.8m

There is no way to know the fraction of Bitcoin transactions that involve money laundering (or s*x or the purchase of drugs & contraband). That’s because wallets can be created at will and bitcoin can be traded directly between these wallets without indicating what was purchased or what was exchanged in return.

But here are two data points that might shape your perspective:

1. Cash is still the #1 vehicle for criminal enterprise including the ducking of local laws and hiding from law enforcement. Cash is much more difficult to trace than a Bitcoin transaction.

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2. The early spread and adoption of new and exciting technologies—the kind that transform our lives—are often driven by vice, crime, passion—or all 3.

For example, early sales of the VCR (video cassette recorder) was driven by the porn industry. Early models did not have a timer or a TV tuner. In an automobile showroom, they were used to show videos of a car factory or rugged driving. But in the home or at men’s club, they were an evolution of the film projector and frequently used to copy and distribute stag films.

Is it inevitable that new technologies cross the chasm with a push from vice? Surprisingly, many economists and sociologists think that the answer is “Yes”, especially when the technology requires a two-sided network to be useful.

Ellery Davies est un contributeur fréquent à Quora.
Il est également co-président de Normes de crypto-monnaie
Association
and chief-editor at Un canard sauvage.

L. Burke Fichiers

L. Burke Fichiers, works at Financial Examinations and Evaluations

Répondu il y a 42w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 200 et de vues de réponses 94.1k

A good question with a challenge First I see a misunderstanding in the answer of exactly what criminal money laundering encompasses. Simply put it is the movement of money tied to a criminal enterprise or transaction. Last I checked there are about 240 crimes in the US tied to money laundering. The most prevalent form of money laundering does not include cash, but wire transfers. Me I prefer cash, but my needs are simple. The big guys use wires and bounce the wires all over the world in what is called layering to make the trail of the money - from stinky to sweet, hard to follow.

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The use of bitcoin as a money laundering tool I expect has decreased in recent months. The problem is not the issue of near anonymity but the violent fluctuations in value. A dollar laundered today could be $0.80 or $1.20 tomorrow. When one already has the risk and costs of money laundering the volatility is an uncomfortable additional risk.

Now, honing in on the answer. It is estimated that the world’s grey market, the undisclosed parts of the economy, is about 11%. Certainly, the percentage higher in some places and lower in others, and that many of the features of bitcoin are attractive to money laundering. I also know, from experience, that the criminals hatch these James Bond-esk plots only to be left to execution by the Mr. Beans of the crime scene and that the knowledge barrier to using bitcoin is a bit much for the criminal Mr. Beans to navigate, and with the current volatility factored in, my SWAG is 12%.

I am sure new cryptocurrencies are used more by criminals then the established currencies. But truthfully - who knows.

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