Quel est le meilleur IDE pour les développeurs full-stack?

Ram Nath Das

Ram Nath Das, Founder and Director at Nesark Worldservicies Pvt. Ltd. (2018-present)

Répondu il y a 46w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 58 et de vues de réponses 18.8k

The work of a developer is complex and time-consuming, but arming yourself with the most sophisticated tools makes the job both quicker and easier. That’s why many developers turn to integrated development environments (IDEs) to manage workflows, access a suite of development tools within a single dashboard, and reduce errors that can have catastrophic consequences if deployed unchecked.

IDEs run the gamut from the simple to the incredibly sophisticated, with some aiming for a clutter-free UI in a lightweight tool to maximize speed for smaller-scale tasks and others offering cross-platform, multi-language support in robust environments capable of handling the most complicated development projects.

Whether you’re looking for a simple, language-specific IDE or a full-featured platform to manage most or all of your development projects, we’ve put together this list of 51 of the most useful, robust, and feature-rich IDEs to make it easier for busy developers to find the tools they need to streamline their workflows. Note that the following 51 IDEs aren’t ranked or rated in any particular order of importance; rather, we’ve listed them in alphabetical order for the sake of simplicity and easy reference.

  1. Amethyst 2

Amethyst 2 is an IDE developed by Sapphire Steel Software, founded by Dermot Hogan and Huw Collingbourne in 2006. Amethyst 2 is offered in two editions, including a commercial edition, Amethyst Ultimate, and a free edition, Amethyst Personal. Amethyst Ultimate includes a variety of tools including Amethyst Designer, code refactoring, a debugger, and more.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Amethyst Personal offers a limited range of editing features
  • Amethyst Ultimate:Amethyst DesignerExtensive code refactoring and code navigationPowerful IntelliSenseSuite of debugging toolsMethod and variable renaming with previewDocument navigatorScratchpad to drag-and-drop reusable code snippetsSnippet editor to create custom snippetsEditing and project management

Prix :

  • 30-day trial access to Amethyst Ultimate
  • Amethyst 2 Ultimate: $299
  1. Android studio
    @AndroidDev

The official IDE for Android, Android Studio provides the fastest tools for building apps across all types of Android devices. A flexible build system and instant build/deploy system enable developers to focus on building feature-rich, high-quality apps and deliver quickly.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Instant Run
  • Intelligent code editor
  • Feature-rich Android Emulator 2.0
  • Flexible build system
  • Easily share code among different versions of your apps
  • Code templates
  • GitHub integration

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Anjuta DevStudio

Anjuta DevStudio is a GNOME integrated development environment with versatile functionality including project management, source control and version control, debugging, and more in a simple, intuitive user interface.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Integrated glade for WYSIWYG UI development
  • Wizards and project templates
  • Integrated GDB for onboard debugging
  • DevHelp integration
  • Supports C, C++, Java, JavaScript, Python, and Vala

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. AppBuilder

Offering a single framework for developing applications for iOS, Android, and Windows Mobile platforms, AppBuilder supports web-standard technologies including HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Users can build on their choice of five IDEs with full integration, or opt to build within their web browser.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Single shared JavaScript code base for all mobile platforms
  • Code changes applied instantly and look native on all devices
  • Built-in simulation, debugging, and deployment tools for all platforms
  • Build from any Windows, Mac or Linux computer
  • Simply click “save” to experience your code changes
  • Plugins for Visual Studio and Sublime Text
  • Command Line Interface (CLI) works alongside any IDE
  • Integrates with NativeScript, Angular, Ionic, Kendo UI Mobile, jQuery Mobile and more
  • Dozens of sample apps
  • Verified Cordova/PhoneGap plugins

Prix :

  • Developer: $39/user/month
  • Business: $149/user/month
  • Enterprise: Contact for a quote
  1. Aptana Studio 3
    @Aptana

Aptana Studio 3 is a powerful, open-source IDE harnessing the power of Eclipse to provide a fast and seamless environment for developing and testing complete web applications from a single environment. Supporting all major browser technology specs, Aptana Studio 3 eliminates compatibility and testing obstacles to enable rapid deployment.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • HTML, CSS, and JavaScript Code Assist to aid authoring of HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and Ruby
  • Supports the latest HTML5 specifications
  • Multiple protocols including FTP, SFTP, FTPS, and Capistrano
  • Automatically publish Ruby & Rails apps to hosting services like Heroku and Engine Yard
  • Integrated debugger allowing you to set breakpoints, inspect variables, and control execution
  • Git integration; facilitates Git-based deployments
  • Built-in terminal for quick command line access
  • Customization: Extend the core capabilities through scripting of custom commands

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. IDE Arduino
    @arduino

Arduino is an open-source electronics platform offering flexible, easy to use hardware and software. Arduino IDE offers both the browser-based Arduino Web Editor and the downloadable Arduino IDE, enabling you to work how you’re most comfortable.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Arduino IDE:Easily write code and upload it to the boardRuns on Windows, Mac OS X, and LinuxBased on Processing and other open-source software
  • Arduino Web Editor:Save your sketches in the cloudAlways have the most up-to-date version of the IDEIncludes all contributed librariesSupport for new Arduino boards
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Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Atome
    @AtomEditor

A free, open-source, futuristic text editor, Atom is “hackable to the core,” meaning you can customize it to do just about anything you want it to. At the same time, you can also use Atom with ease without ever touching a config file. In other words, Atom is totally adaptable to meet your needs.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Cross-platform editing; works on OS X, Windows, and Linux
  • Built-in package manager – search for and install packages or create your own
  • Auto-complétion intelligente
  • Trouver et remplacer
  • File system browser – find and open files, projects, or multiple projects in one window
  • Multiple panes for easily comparing and editing code across files
  • Pre-installed with four UI and eight syntax themes
  • Built with HTML, JavaScript, CSS, and Node.js integration

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. BlueJ

Develop Java programs quickly and easily with BlueJ, a development environment with a smaller, simpler interface designed with teaching in mind, enabling beginners to get started quickly without being overwhelmed with features. BlueJ is part of the Raspbian distribution and is installed by default on the Raspberry Pi image.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • BlueJ is used as a platform for teaching university courses
  • Many teaching resources available in the BlueJ Educators Community
  • Interact with objects to inspect value, call methods on them, pass them as parameters, and other actions
  • Directly invoke Java expressions without compiling; BlueJ is a powerful graphical shell/REPL for Java
  • Runs on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and other platforms running Java
  • 15+ year-old product actively supported and updated by a full-time dev team
  • Original BlueJ features including object bench, code pad, and scope coloring
  • Extensions to enhance base BlueJ functionality

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Crochets.io

A modern, open-source text editor that makes designing in the browser easy and seamless, A modern, open source code editor that understands web design is designed for web designers and front-end developers. An Adobe project, Brackets is released under a MIT License. With built-in visual tools, Brackets offers the right amount of help when you need it without disrupting your creative process.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Inline editors
  • Aperçu en direct
  • Preprocessor support
  • Robust social community on Twitter, GitHub, Facebook, and more
  • View backlog on Trello or Gaufre

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. C-Free

A free IDE for C and C++ development, C-Free can be used as an editor or as a stand-alone programming environment. You can edit, build, and debug programs with total autonomy, with a single, compatible workflow with integrated tools and features to extend your capabilities.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Includes MinGW 5 package
  • Small, 14MB installation file size; 80MB total unpackaged size
  • Rapidly make and implement changes in a fraction of the time compared to other IDEs
  • Hovering tool tips to boost coding speed
  • Detects and builds changes quickly without makefile
  • Seamlessly integrates with GDB for rapid response of tracing

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. CLion
    @jetbrains

A cross-platform IDE for C and C++, CLion offers native C and C++ support, including C++11 standard, libc++, and Boost to manage routine tasks so you can focus on the most important aspects of development. Loaded with features, CLion is a robust IDE for C and C++ developers.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Seamless, intuitive navigation
  • Simple keyboard shortcuts for code generation
  • Refactoring, including automated refactoring
  • Instantly identifies potential code issues
  • Data Flow analysis
  • Integrated debugger
  • GDB or LLDB available as a backend
  • Embedded terminal
  • Semantic highlighting
  • New CMake workflow

Prix :

  • CLion:$199.00/1st year$159.00 /2nd year$119.00 /3rd year onwards
  • All Products Pack:$649.00 /1st year$519.00 /2nd year$389.00 /3rd year onwards
  1. Cloud9

Powerful and flexible, Cloud9 facilitates public and private workspace collaboration. Work with team members remotely, in real-time, to write, debug, and run code from the cloud. Group editing and chatting functions enable seamless communication for geographically dispersed teams. Coupled with a plethora of useful features and functionality, Cloud9 is a robust IDE with powerful capabilities.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Deployment options include Heroku, Cloud Foundry, and Windows Azure
  • Powerful collaboration features
  • Easy system setup, no maintenance
  • Workspaces powered by Docker Ubuntu containers
  • Built-in Terminal and Runners
  • Workspace cloning to replicate your complete environment
  • Language tools including Code Completion suggestions, Outline view, and Jump to Definition of variables for easy navigation
  • Debugger
  • Split view
  • 30+ themes that control syntax highlighting and UI
  • Run Panel to run any language
  • Extensive set of default Runners including Ruby, Python, PHP/Apache, CoffeeScript, Node.js
  • Key Bindings Editor
  • Configure Cloud9 to go into VIM, Emacs, or Sublime mode
  • Built-in image editor
  • 300 browser/OS combinations

Prix :

  • FREE – free public workspaces, 1 private workspace
  • Individual: $19/month – unlimited private workspaces, 3 hot workspaces
  • Teams: $29/user/month – unlimited team workspaces, 10 hot workspaces
  • Education: $1/teacher/month – free public workspaces, 1 private workspace/student
  1. Coda2
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Featuring the same Editor, Terminal, CSS, Files, and other essentials for developing web apps, Coda2 is a dramatic improvement on the original version you already know and love. More than 100 new features extend the capabilities of Coda2 to create a lightweight, simple, yet incredibly powerful code editor (supporting two dozen programming languages) with multiple plugins for extensibility.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Prise en charge de langues 24
  • Instant switching between editor and preview
  • Customizable column guides, color-coded tabs, and other visual editor features
  • Site-wide autocomplete of functions, classes, and variables
  • Manage and discover plugins
  • Track and publish files modified outside of Coda
  • Built-in Terminal and MySQL editor
  • Open files locally or edit remotely on FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, or Amazon S3 servers
  • Coda for iOS available for your iPad

Prix : $99

  1. Code :: Blocs

Built around a plugin framework, Code::Blocks is designed to be fully extensible and configurable with a consistent look, feel, and operation across platforms. Designed for C, C++ and Fortran, this open-source and flexible IDE is the cross-platform functional tool for developers with demanding needs.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Compiling and debugging functionality (provided by plugins)
  • Add any functionality by installing or coding a plugin
  • Supports multiple compilers
  • No makefiles needed
  • Support for parallel builds
  • Inter-project dependencies
  • Full breakpoints support
  • To-do list management with different users
  • Open files list to quickly switch between files
  • Debugger
  • Multi-target projects
  • Imports Dev-C++ projects

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Codefresh

A continuous delivery and automation platform for Docker, Codefresh enables you to build, test, and deploy apps, as well as gather feedback on your container-driven applications. Building and testing your containers on every branch or pull request, Codefresh helps you streamline seamless deployments and share with your team or customers for user acceptance testing or to offer feature previews.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Fastest builds for Docker images
  • Store images in a Docker registry of choice or the built-in Codefresh registry
  • Monitor your Git repository
  • Runs unit tests with each Docker build
  • Runs integration, UI, and other tests on running Docker images or composition
  • Store test results as part of the image’s metadata
  • Share new feature implementations with your team for comments and feedback
  • Capable of auto-deployment at the end of every build process
  • Works seamlessly with Docker, Git Hub, Quay, Jenkins, and other tools
  • Collaboration via Slack/Hipchat
  1. CodeLite

An open source, cross-platform IDE for C, C++, PHP, and Node.js coding languages, CodeLite is a lightweight and efficient IDE with the features you need for seamless development including workspaces, folder management with multiple outline view options, debugging, and more.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Specialized in C, C++, PHP, and JavaScript (primarily for Node.js backend developers)
  • Supports syntax highlighting for other languages
  • Default, built-in debugger
  • Workspace management with virtual folders for projects
  • Plugins to extend functionality
  • Code formatter support for XML files
  • Git plugin
  • Outline views to change hierarchy
  • Add external tools that are automatically triggered when a file is saved

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Codenvy
    @CodenvyHQ

Codenvy is powered by Eclipse Che, a developer workspace server and cloud-based IDE for instantly-available and instantly-shareable workspaces. A sophisticated offering, Codenvy boasts one-click Docker environments, team onboarding and collaboration, a workspace platform for DevOps, and much more.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Installation rapide
  • Multi-machine workspaces
  • Easily accessible workspaces from any browser or local IDE
  • Rules and permissions to control access to workspaces
  • Seamless integration with JIRA issue management
  • Scalable workspace management platform for DevOps

Prix :

  • Codenvy for Teams: $500 per user per year
  • Codenvy for Developers: Free up to 3GB RAM
  1. Éclipse

Eclipse is an open source community of tools, projects, and collaborative working groups, also offering several popular IDEs including desktop IDEs, cloud IDEs, and IDE platforms including the widely used Eclipse Che and Orion platforms. Whether you’re looking for a desktop IDE, a cloud-based environment, or other tools to support your development work with any language, Eclipse offers a tool that meets your needs. While each IDE offered by Eclipse functions independently, if you’re looking for IDEs from a reputable source for various programming languages, the Eclipse suite is worth a look.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Desktop IDEs:Java IDEJava EEC/C++ IDEPHP IDE
  • Cloud IDEs (for Java, JavaScript, CSS, and HTML):OrionEclipse CheDirigible
  • IDE Platforms:Eclipse PlatformOrionEclipse Che

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Eric Python IDE

Eric Python IDE is a full-featured IDE written in Python. Based on the cross-platform Qt GUI Toolkit, it integrates Scintilla, a highly flexible editor control. Designed for use as an intuitive, everyday editor as well as a more robust tool for professional project management, Eric also boasts a plugin system for extending its native capabilities.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Éditeurs illimités
  • Configurable window layout and syntax highlighting
  • Sourcecode autocompletion, calltips, and folding
  • Advanced search functionality enabling find and replace across a full project
  • Integrated version control interface for Mercurial, Subversion, and Git
  • Integrated chat and shared editor for collaboration
  • Integrated Python debugger, sourcecode documentation system, profiling and code coverage support, automatic code checkers, task management, and more
  • Interactive Python shell including syntax highlighting and autocompletion
  • Ability to run external applications within the IDE
  • Many other built-in features
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Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Geany

Geany is a text editor utilizing the GTK2 toolkit, but it contains most of the essential features of an IDE. Designed to be a simple, small, and fast IDE, it has only a few dependencies from other packages and supports many file types.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Syntax highlighting
  • Code folding
  • Symbol name auto-completion
  • Auto-closing XML and HTML tags
  • Call tips
  • Code navigation
  • Symbol lists
  • Build system for compiling and executing code
  • Simple project management
  • Extensive list of plugins from the Geany Plugins Project

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. Idle IDE

Idle IDE was designed for Python but offers several customization options and supports Python, XML, and custom languages. It’s a straightforward and intuitive IDE that’s ideal for developing in custom scripting languages.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Intuitive file navigation system
  • Multi-window text editor with syntax highlighting
  • autocomplétion
  • Operates on Windows and Unix
  • Built with Python using the tkinter GUI toolkit
  • Integrated debugger
  • Python Shell with syntax highlighting
  • Call stack visibility
  1. IntelliJ IDEA

IntelliJ IDEA is a Java IDE that supports Java 8 and Java EE 7, offers coding assistance for languages such as Spring, Android, React, AngularJS, and more, and understands a variety of other languages for a comprehensive solution. A comprehensive IDE, IntelliJ IDEA is a robust development environment with wide functionality for all your development needs, and you can extend it even further with IDEA’s robust plugin ecosystem.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Powerful static code analysis
  • Conception ergonomique
  • Smart completion
  • Chain completion
  • Static members completion (use static methods or constants)
  • Data flow analysis
  • Coding assistance for selected languages
  • Cross-language refactoring
  • Finds duplicate code fragments on the fly
  • Inspects code to detect issues and offer quick-fix solutions
  • Editor-centric environment
  • Beaucoup de raccourcis
  • Version control and build tools
  • Test runner and coverage
  • Built-in decompiler for Java classes
  • Database tools, application server, and Docker
  • Extended coding assistance for Spring, Java EE, Grails, Play, Android, GWT, Vaadin, Thymeleaf, React, AngularJS
  • Understands many languages including Groovy, Kotlin, Scala, JavaScript, TypeScript and SQL

Prix :

  • IntelliJ IDEA Ultimate:$499.00 /1st year$399.00 /2nd year$299.00 /3rd year onwards
  • All Products Pack$649.00 /1st year$519.00 /2nd year$389.00 /3rd year onwards
  1. JCreator

JCreator is an IDE for Java, boasting tons of features and functionality in a simple user interface suitable for both beginner and advanced developers. Unlike most Java IDEs (typically written in Java), JCreator is written entirely in C++ to leverage greater speed and agility.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Fully customizable user interface
  • Gestion de projet
  • Modèles de projet
  • Source code navigation
  • Popup for code snippets and identifiers
  • JSP, Ant, and CVS support
  • Code-completion
  • Feature-loaded debugger interface
  • Editor with syntax highlighting
  • Helpful wizards
  • Automatically starts the appropriate tool when a program is run

Prix :

  • Free: 30-day trial
  • LE: $35 for 1 user
  • Pro: $79 for 1 user
  • Pro: $359 for 5 users
  • Pro: $1,099 for 20 users
  • Pro: $1,600 for 30 users
  1. Kantharos IDE
    @psychip

A rapid and portable IDE for PHP development, Kantharos IDE is designed for offline scripting rather than major web projects. A clean UI coupled with drag-and-drop functionality make Kantharos IDE a truly intuitive environment ideal for developers with offline scripting needs.

Principales caractéristiques:

  • Code execution time analysis
  • Custom database maintenance
  • Manual web page queries
  • Single-script oriented
  • Built-in debugger
  • Syntax checker
  • Code assistance functions
  • Class and function navigator
  • Raccourcis clavier

Prix : GRATUIT

  1. KDevelop

KDevelop is

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