Que puis-je faire pour ne pas perdre la concentration en lisant?

Say Keng Lee

Say Keng Lee, Knowledge Adventurer & Technology Explorer in Optimum Performance Technologies

Répondu il y a 138w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 9.7k et de vues de réponses 13.4m

I like to put this across to you:

Sub-vocalisation is the least of your reading problem.

The biggest problem is that you are not physically engaged et intellectually stimulated when you are reading, probably resulting from not knowing/using efficient and effective reading strategies of fast and versatile readers.

I like to share my "reading ritual" with you, based on my experience as a fast and versatile reader since the early 90's:

[From my "tricks of the trade", you may pick what you need!]

1. PREPARING THE MIND:

First and foremost, practise some relaxation sequences, with slow but deep diaphragmatic breathing routines, so as to help center your mind from distracting thoughts, but more importantly, to help create a resourceful and superior state of mind, with a physiologically relaxed body to go along with it.

2. BEGINNING WITH THE END IN MIND:

Decide on your ultimate application, and whether you want a global overview or detailed information from your reading, as well as how much time you are prepared to invest, as your decision will determine your reading pace.

3. HAVING AN ATTACK STRATEGY:

Learn and apply the seemingly popular SQ5R reading strategy.

With an SQ5R, a quick scan of the tapestry of contents, preface, index and appendix, and even the bibliography, all at the back, and also the end-of-book summary, if available, will often give you some inklings about the book's contents.

That's why, to me, the SQ5R helps immeasurably in this respect.[Google for it on the net. Many thanks to psychologist Francis Robinson of Ohio State University, who originated the concept back in the 1940's]

4. KNOWING THE PATTERNS:

Learn to recognise all the Text Organisational Patterns et leur Signal Words, often used by authors in the more intellectually intensive reading materials

With pattern recognition, your mind moves at warp speeds, since it knows where - and what - to focus on within the book terrain.

5. VISUAL PACING:

Use a pen or pencil as a pacer, to control the visual sweep of the saccadic movement of your eyeballs, as attested by most fast readers.

6. GOING FOR THE JUGULAR:

Appliquer Pareto's Principle, to help you segregate "core material" from "elaborative material".

- "core material" = concepts; theories; principles; definitions; terminologies; nomenclatures; etc.

- "elaborative material" = illustrations; examples, anecdotes, etc.;

It's always good to adopt the Index Card Strategy to help you learn and master "core material" quickly;

7. EXTRACTING GEMS or MINING GOLD:

Learn to spot Idées Clés, and salient points, using the knowledge gained in (3) and (4).

One quick way to achieve productive results in your reading navigation is constantly asking:

- what is the author talking about here? or

- what is the essence here?

- what the key ideas and salient points here? or

- what is important and relevant here, in terms of my predefined objectives or desired outcomes?

[To use the Tomahawk cruise missile analogy, homing on to a predefined, long-distance target, your mind goes automatically into active search mode!]

8. MAKING NOTES:

Don't hesitate to make Marginal Annotations, or intellectual graffiti as I like to call it sometimes, by making notes in the white spaces of text passages, with personal relevancy to call-to-action.

Always express them in terms of:

A2T (Actions-to Take)/T2D (Things-to-Do)/Q2P (Questions-to-Ponder).

All the foregoing tactical initiatives as outlined in (4)(5)(6)(7) and (8) are intended to make your reading endeavour a truly active - and interactive - process, thus helping you to stay physically engaged et intellectually stimulated.

It's like what I often call, having an "intellectual intercourse" with the author and the text.

9. CONSOLIDATING YOUR READING SOJOURN:

Upon completion of your reading endeavour:

Recap and Summarise, preferably with an idea map or cluster diagram or graphic organiser, so as to consolidate and synthesise quickly what you have just read.

10. RELEVANCY TO ACTION:

In conjunction with 9):

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Think and Reflect:

- Where do I go from here?

- What's(are) my Next Step(s)?

- [Refer to (8)] How can I use these readings to add/compound/multiply value in my academic pursuit/in my life/in my work/in my business/for my client(s)?

Your real life application of whatever you have found useful from your reading comes from here.

A word of expert advice:

Read only what you need, so as to fulfill your ultimate application and time urgency.

So in a nut shell, you actually don't have to finish the whole book!

It's also pertinent for me to point out that, the fire test of your personal or professional reading actually comes from what you eventually do with the ideas and insights generated from what you have read.

Godspeed! Enjoy your reading and assimilation!

[Reading Ritual 20160220]

Rahul Ramabhadran

Rahul Ramabhadran, Mind is mysteriously banal.

Répondu il y a 205w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 1.8k et de vues de réponses 774.7k

Being in the same boat as you, I can empathise.

With regards to textbooks, I would suggest glancing through the textbook first. Some keywords might attract you, so either highlight it or note it down. This way you get the big picture first. Then, for a short while, engage in some distracting activity. After that, take a piece of paper and summarise what you have just read. Once done with the summary, try to think of at least 5 different ways of interlinking the content with something you know. For example, say you have just read about evolution and you know the concept of entropy really well, then you could connect the two together. What this does, at the least, is cements the basics of the subject in your brain so you do not completely forget it. Now, with your basics established, read the book again for the details and plug them into the concepts. Your understanding of the subject will surely be good.

Considering leisure reading, like novels and the like, I play this little game while reading. After reading a few pages of a book, I will start imagining how the story will move from thereon, complete with all the twists and turns. Now with my own story in mind, my interest in finishing the book is piqued because I would want to know how close I was to the story. Sometimes, I was pretty close and sometimes I was way off but this game became my motivation in completing the book.

Sai Nandan

Sai Nandan, ECE/Optics bud. photonics|Networking, all-rounder

Répondu il y a 205w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 61 et de vues de réponses 154.9k

It is easy to trick the brain by constant practice.

1.Avoid distraction :what ever you feel as distracted avoid them .like stay away from mobile, facebook , wtsapp ,etc. How to avoid them? start reducing the usage time gradually from 3 hours a day to 3 minutes a day.

2.Train Your Brain: Brain always likes short term goals and emotions .so keep motivating it .I have a trick how to stay focused .Suppose you get up at 6 a.m lets think put a short term goal for 3 hours i.e 6,9,12,.... you have to say your brain that this 3 hours are really worthy and you should do some thing productive and avoid all negative in this 3 hours it means your telling brain that i am gonna think negative later but now i should concentrate only on short term goal. So after 3 hours relax for some 10-30 minutes doing this relax time do not play mobile games,do something like listening music,reading news paper, playing indoor or outdoor games . Continue this process for every 3 hours and after some days you will find yourself productive and staying away from negative and staying focused.

Merci pour A2A.

Praveenkumar Goudar

Praveenkumar Goudar, worked at Ramakrishna Mission (2009-2016)

Mise à jour il y a 59w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 584 et de vues de réponses 491.9k

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I think you are physically weak. So you should have do SuryaNamaskar daily early morning. Do it regularly. And learn doing meditation...

The power of concentration can be developed through constant practice. The most important requisite for increasing concentration is purity of mind. It may be expressed in the form of a mathematical formula: concentration of mind (C) is directly proportional to Purity of mind (P).

Purity of mind comes from following Yama and Niyama, a set of two basic disciplines mentioned in the Yoga Sutras.

* Yama means control. Il se compose de cinq disciplines:

(a) Satya (truthfulness): One should be honest in all dealings and actions.
(b) Ahimsa (non-violence): Non-injury of any living creature.
(c) Asteya (non-stealing): One should not steal or grab what rightfully belongs to others.
(d) Aparigraha(non-acceptance of gifts): Non-possession or non-covetousness means not to expect anything from any body.
(e) Brhmacharya (continence): Extolling the practice of chastity, Swami Vivekananda said, “Complete continence gives great intellectual and spiritual power”. Brhamacharya also means control of all senses, especially the palate.

* Niyama means self purification through regulating one’s time and energies. Niyama too consists of cinq disciplines:

(a) Shaucha (pavitrata): Purity of body, mind, diet, clothing and surrounding.
(b) Santosh (contentment): Means reducing one’s needs and being happy in whatever one has. This helps to curb anger, ambition and greed.
(c) Tapas (austerity): It refers to control with regard to body, mind and speech. Control of body includes not seeking too much of body comforts. Control of mind means not getting agitated and maintaining a peaceful and pure attitude towards life. Controlled speech means limited, meaningful, sweet and truthful words.
(d) Swadhyaya (self-study): It is the regular and sincere stud of positive and helpful books. To study one’s mind is another meaning of swadhyaya.
(e) Isgwara Pranidhana (devotion to God): Means offering the results of one’s actions to a Higher Power or the collective team spirit, and practicing humility.

The above mentioned yama and niyama are like the Ten Commandments for developing power of concentration. One has to practice them for a long time, with respect and interest.

Following a regulated life, with a timetable for all activities, is a great help in making control of mind easier. One should have fixed routine for rising, exercises, prayer, study, eating, playing, and entertainment. While studying, preparing proper notes helps in retaining what one has learnt. One should choose a congenial and clean environment for study. There should be proper light, ventilation, seating arrangements, orderliness and ready access to all necessary materials in our study place. This helps to concentrate better.

Living a life of positive thinking and spiritual contemplation purifies and channels the mind in the right direction. We should take care to hear and see only what is good and noble. The famous three monkeys may be remembered here. One monkey keeps its hands on mouth, another on eyes and the other one on ears. The idea is ‘see no evil, hear no evil and speak no evil’. A similar sculpture, however, shows the three monkeys with a little difference. In this piece, one monkey keeps his one eye open and ear open and one closed. Another monkey keeps on ear open and another closed. And the last one has its hands partially covering the mouth. This is the Vedantic idea: ‘See good things, don’t hear bad things; speak good things, don’t speak bad things; speak good things, don’t speak bad things.’ The idea is that our mental food in the form of what we hear or see through books, TV programmes and so on should be positive and mentally nutritious. We should listen to auspicious or good things about others, and avoid listening to bad things or criticism of others behind their back. Similarly, we should speak good things about others and avoid speaking ill or finding faults of others. We should constantly cultivate pure thoughts in every possible manner and fill up our minds. All these together help improving concentration of mind.

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Nadeesha Rathnayake

Nadeesha Rathnayake, There will be dancing

Répondu il y a 205w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 266 et de vues de réponses 481.3k

Every person is different. For an example, take the university life.

Some of us can study things by en train de lire. There is another segment who study better if they écouter to the lecturer. There is yet another group of people who understand better if they visualiser what the lecturer say.

You need to find what works for you.

I'm a reader in general.

But I find that when it comes to my studies, I tend to understand and remember things better when I visualize them.

So what I do is, read a bit of the theory and then try to Google for any visuals on the subject. For an example, I understood Porter's Five Force theory better when I saw it in a graph. While reading about it, I just couldn't keep my mind on it.

These days, most of the time we can find audio books of what we study. Have you tried it? That might work for you. Personally, I suck at this. I just have to take notes and read later.

I think we find it hard to keep focus because our brain keeps on telling us that there is something interesting out there than reading a boring old book ��

But if one can keep on reminding about the bigger picture and future goals, one will eventually be able to get the head back on the game.

It all boils down to how badly you need something �� and there is nothing wrong in changing courses if what you follow right now is boring you to death.

Frank DiCasoli

Frank DiCasoli, Civil Engineer, Bodybuilding Enthusiast

Répondu il y a 205w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 56 et de vues de réponses 87.6k

Practice deep meditation. It will help you narrow your focus. For example, closing your eyes, and practice thinking about absolutely nothing for breath cycles (deep breath in and out). Most beginners will struggle to go through 2 or 3 cycles. With practice and time, 10 is the goal.

A cue that I found helpful and kind of funny was to close my eyes and drift away so far. Don't think of anything. Literally forget that your hands have shape.

A clear mind is a focused mind. We think too much about too many things.

Einstein wasn't working on two theories when he wrote his theory of relativity.

Ralph Waldo Emerson was not writing two masterpieces at the same time.

Stop multi tasking, and start mastering single tasks at a time.

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