Senia Sheydvasser, Post-doctoral Researcher at CUNY
Répondu il y a 17w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 1.6k et de vues de réponses 14.4m
Final Fantasy VI was a lie.
If you (like the shooter, I hope) are looking for context, allow me to explain. Final Fantasy VI was a video game released in 1994 by Square (which later became Square Enix). Most of the details about the game aren’t really relevant for us—the only thing that I will note is that, like many games of that era, Final Fantasy VI had a scrolling world map. It looked something like this,
and whenever your character went “off the side”, he would return on the opposite edge of the world map. (Actually, this isn’t quite right, because the camera always scrolled so that the character was in the center of the screen, but it amounts to the same thing.) The point is, if you kept going in either the horizontal or vertical direction, you would eventually return to where you started.
Thus far, I have no complaints. But then, midway through the game, you get the following image, which is supposed to be a view of the world from space.
Seems fine right? Looks pretty clearly like a sphere, just like you would expect, yeah?
Except, based on the world map, it is impossible for the world to be a sphere! Either this is a very zoomed in view that is hiding the actual shape of the world, or this whole sequence has nothing to do with reality. In either case, I call shenanigans.
Here’s why I can be so confident. Think about that scrolling world map for a second. Suppose that I got an extremely long rope and got it so that it went off one side, came back on the other, and then return to its place of origin. Then, I would tie a knot, making the whole thing into one giant loop encircling the map. Now, suppose that I tried pulling this loop taut—could I pull it closed?
Well, no. It would immediately get stuck. And, if you play around with it, you’ll see that even if I allow myself to stretch this loop a bit, and move it from side to side, there is no way that I could possibly actually pull it closed. On the other hand, suppose I did the same thing on a sphere. Well, now the situation is completely different!
I can take any loop and pull it completely taut, unlike our world map above. Moreover, note that this property will be maintained however much we bend and deform this sphere, as long as we don’t tear it. This means that we can’t chalk up this difference to inaccurate cartography, in the same way that the standard Mercator projection looks flat, even though the Earth is round. And so we must conclude that FFIV does ne pas take place on a spherical world!
What is the shape of the world, actually? Well, to see that, you start with the world map, then bend it so that two of the opposite edges meet. Because of the wrapping around, these are actually one and the same edge, and so we now get a cylinder, where the opposite ends of the cylinder are really the same (i.e. if you go “off the edge” of one, you end up on the other). So, bring those two ends together as well. What is the figure that you end up with?
It’s a torus! (Colloquially known as a donut.)
Incidentally, other installments of the Final Fantasy series make this same mistake. For instance, in Final Fantasy VII, we are shown that the world looks like this,
but of course it has a scrolling world map. In fact, FFVII goes a step further and shows the following whenever you are piloting an aircraft.
Note that the land is made to appear curved. It is, in fact, curved in the same way wherever you travel on the world map. But this is also impossible!
There is a lovely result in differential geometry known as the Gauss–Bonnet theorem, which essentially says the following: if you compute the average curvature over a closed surface, and then deform the surface, the average curvature won’t change. However, we know that we can deform the torus such that it is flat at every point (that’s the whole point of our world map), so the average curvature must be zero—this means, in particular, that it is not possible for the world to actually have the same, positive curvature at every point, as is clearly illustrated above!
Square Enix is lying to you. Wake up, sheeple!
Hamza Zakir, Humanist, Platonist and all round student of life
Répondu il y a 17w
Weirdly enough, I always feel hungry whenever I'm freaking out, so my fast facts would definitely be food related.
- When the idea of including a fish burger in the McDonald's menu was first presented by Lou Groen, a McDonald's franchise owner in Cincinnati, to Ray Kroc, it was vehemently opposed, with Kroc insisting that his pineapple burger (yes, literally a pineapple slice between two buns) would be far more popular with the masses. Unsurprisingly, it wasn't and the world got the Filet-O-Fish instead.
- Ice cream is a Chinese invention. In fact, the first ice cream was merely a mixture of rice and milk packed in snow.
- The Oreo that we know and love today wasn't an original invention. Created by Nabisco, it was an imitation of the Hydrox cookie created by the Sunshine Company in 1908, which by the way has to be the worst name for a cookie ever.
- Speaking of Oreos, the origin of the word “Oreo” is mysterious. It's believed that it represents cream sandwiched between two round biscuits, as in O c re am O. Another theory is that it's derived from the French word for gold.
- By law, any product labeled “peanut butter” in the United States must be at least 90% peanuts. Otherwise, it's just peanut spread or any other label you may care to give it instead.
- And rounding it all off, arachibutyrophobia is the fear of getting peanut butter stuck to the roof of your mouth. My word, English is a beautiful language.
Ok so I feel like adding a few more, just for the heck of it. And I need to keep the shooter at bay, after all.
- Contrary to popular belief, French Fries were invented by the Belgians, way back in the 18th century. The Belgians were fond of frying the fish they caught before eating it, so some geniuses figured that they should try it out with other food stuffs as well, notably strips of potato. So yeah, fish and chips were apparently concieved of at the same time. Those wily Belgians, always thinking a step ahead.
- Speaking of potato strips, the French parliament banned the cultivation of potatoes in the 18th century out of fear that they caused leprosy. Ah yes of course, and oranges cause hernia, so best avoid them lads.
- Le mot Lasagne originally referred to the pot in which the food was presented, instead of the food itself. In fact, it's derived from the Greek word for chamber pot, lassanon. I'm clearly never looking at pots the same way again.
- À la fin de la journée, Biryani is bae. *suppresses childish urge to say “ooh it rhymes”* Therefore, a fast Biryani fact is in order. In 2014, in Karnataka, India, a bride called off her wedding due to the groom's disapproval of her family's Biryani recipe. Apparently, the bride even sent 30 kg of Biryani to the groom's family, only for it to be turned down because of the latter's fondness of mutton biryani instead. And hey, who can blame them?
Répondu il y a 15w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 196 et de vues de réponses 2.2m
Dude who just randomly wants to impale me with a bullet, for no reason at all : Hey kid, I feel like shooting a random person on the street. Eenie-meenie-minie- OH LOOK! ITS YOU!
Moi: Well mate, I also have some guns right here. Are you intimidated?*Flexes non-existent muscles*
Dude who just randomly wants to impale me with a bullet, for no reason at all: *Pulls out gun*
Moi: Hey, that’s a neat gu-… HOLY FRICK! (I’m keeping it PG for my mate,Quora moderation.)
Dude who just randomly wants to impale me with a bullet, for no reason at all: Tell me a fast fact or die in 10 seconds.
Moi: RYAN LESLIE IS THE MOST HANDSOME, ATTRACTIVE, KIND, INTELLIGENT HUMAN BEING IN THE ENTIRE WORLD AND SHOULD BE DICTATOR OF UNIVERSE, DUE TO HIS INTELLECTUAL PROWESS!
Dude who just randomly wants to impale me with a bullet, for no reason at all: ...
Dude who just randomly wants to impale me with a bullet, for no reason at all: Damn, can’t argue with that. You are free to go almighty dictator of the universe.
Moi: *Does the super awesome fist-bump of friendship and intellectualism*
Yeah, if this happened, I totally wouldn't have my brains exploded.
Tommy Chan, U of T Graduate, class of 2015
Répondu il y a 17w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 244 et de vues de réponses 353.2k
- Fortune cookies were manufactured in California. They are not a Chinese made invention.
- Insects such as spiders are ingested during sleep at least once a year
- There is always a spider at least a few meters away from where you currently are.
- During WW1 , in 1914, The British and Germans had a “Christmas Truce” where they spent Christmas day together and ate food and hung out. They proceeded to fight each other again the week after
- Barney is actually a Black American male, many people still do not know this.
- The human Small Intestine is usually longer than your height. You could go around the globe if you took every person’s small intestine on the earth and stretched it out
- Tomatoes are actually fruits
- Santa Clause is based on the real life of St Nicholas, a Bishop.
- All Pixar movies are connected
- Lebron James is a flopper
- Around 40% of all laptop cameras are actually invaded and hacked every now and then so that people can view you.
- Scientifically speaking, the egg came before the Chicken because it is basically a massive cell where the yolk is a nucleus, and the egg white is the cell membrane or cytoplasm.
- There is actually a disorder called Facebook Addiction Disorder coined by psychologists
- Apparently Hitler’s mother wanted an abortion but the doctor persuaded her not to get one
- Mel Blanc , the voice of Bugs Bunny, was ironically allergic to carrots
- Madonna has an extreme fear of lightening
- Samsung not only creates phones, but advanced weaponry as well
- In Korea, you can dial ‘113’ to report spies
- Toilet paper is pink in France
- One of the discoverers who found Otzi the Iceman also was found to be frozen to death
- The term “blooper” was actually called “boner.”
Lexi Murphy, I think smart, not fast
Répondu il y a 17w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 172 et de vues de réponses 44.6k
Allow me to set the scene.
It's the middle of the night, and Lexi is walking by herself in a bad part of town. Nobody knows how she got there, seeing that her mother would never leave her there nor does she have any activities there. But that's beside the point.
A masked figure jumps out from alleyway and sticks the muzzle of a gun to her head while covering her mouth. Before the poor girl can think to employ any of the self-defense tricks her father taught her from age 6 onward, the assailant puts his clothed mouth against her ear.
"Tell me a fast fact or die," he whispered, squeezing her tight against his chest like JD did in Heathers. His hand lowered just enough from her mouth so that she could speak.
Instead of screaming like any reasonable person, or embracing her nihilistic sense of humor like the rest of her generation, Lexi stood in silence, staring straight in front of her. Her mouth hung partially open and a single noise came out several times in succession.
"Um… um… um."
The masked figure used all his force to squeeze her tighter like a zip-tie.
"What's it going to be lady?" He sneered.
Panic coursing through her brain, the young woman opened her mouth to say something along the lines of "'what are those' is a dead meme" (as she wasn't sure what fast fact really meant), but once again, only single syllable utterances fell from her mouth.
A gunshot goes off in the night and Lexi is never heard from again.
Long story short, there probably would be no "fast fact" said, as I probably couldn't think of any on the fly (unless I had been preparing one for other reasons).
Robert Mckinney, M.S. from University of Memphis (2013)
Répondu il y a 17w
I froze. "Uh, you know how meat turns brown when you cook it? That's called the Maillard reaction, and it goes on in your body too, constantly. Glucose attaches to your extracellular matrix - made up of stuff like collagen - and links strands of it together." I gestured at him to show how the process worked.
The gun pressed harder into my head. "No funny business," the voice hissed. The ground shook ever so slightly.
I swallowed reflexively. "Uh, right, sorry. Anyway, eventually that crosslink in your collagen or wherever finishes the reaction and forms any number of nasty little molecules. The most common one is called glucosepane. Up until this point, the process was reversible, but now you're basically stuck with it until your body replaces the segment of ECM it’s attached to."
Something sharp dragged across the underside of my jaw. "Sounds nasty."
"Oh, it is," I assured them. "The crosslink binds together your extracellular matrix and prevents it from moving and absorbing shock correctly. It's one of the major drivers of frailty in old age."
I blinked as a plane flitted across the sun. "Anyway, the molecules themselves are called advanced glycation endproducts, or AGE, and the places they bond to are called receptors for AGE, or RAGE. Since we can't reverse them, we can only try to inhibit them. As a result, there's hundreds of papers in the scientific literature on the topic of AGE-RAGE prevention, which really is its own punchline."
Panic shot through me as a sharp click echoed next to my ear. "Thank you," the voice said cordially. "Your contribution to the database has been noted."
The velociraptor chittered as it slid the gun back into its belt. Turning quickly, it vanished into the primeval rainforest. The ground shook again.
"Wait," I yelled after it. "You don't want to hear about how diabetics form more of these crosslinks and how vitamin B helps prevent them?"
The plane was overhead now. Its stone superstructure was worn from eons of exposure to the elements, revealing the raw stone within what had once been a finely worked edifice. Carved script flowed along the outside of the craft; the letters burned before me even when I closed my eyes. Figures on top shouted and ran wildly. A hatch on the bottom of the plane opened, and a rope ladder unrolled and dangled free only a few feet from me. Someone screamed in an unintelligible tongue.
The ground shook again, stronger now. Almost involuntarily, I turned my head to look.
"Um," I said.
The moon, far too large, rose from the horizon on five distorted legs. The once-familiar surface of the celestial body had been carved into the shape of a stern woman's face, one whose eyes were without pupils and whose cheekbones were inhumanly defined. It took a step, and the ground heaved wildly. The rope ladder hit me in the face.
"I feel like the setting for this question was insufficiently specified."