How to start your own internet service provider

Scott Helms

Scott Helms, works at Momentum Telecom

Mise à jour il y a 37w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 1.6k et de vues de réponses 1.7m

Réponse d'origine: How can I start a neighborhood ISP?

You really probably don't want to do this. Having said that, becoming an ISP is pretty straightforward.

  1. Choose your access technology. This is how the people in your neighborhood are going to get connected to your network. For example, Time Warner is using their cable network and deploying DOCSIS. AT&T is using VDSL2 for the home connections with fiber backhaul from the local cabinets. You're probably thinking about using WiFi for this, which is possible but it's much more complicated to deliver WiFi to ~200 homes across a neighborhood than it is to deliver it inside and around your home.
  2. Choose your WAN connectivity to get out of the neighborhood. You and your neighbors don't want to connect to each other as much as they want to reach Facebook, Google, and other sites. This means that you have to find out who will sell you bandwidth and you have to make sure the service you're going to buy is for an ISP. You also need to calculate how much bandwidth you're going to need, which means you need to know how many customers you'll get in your neighborhood and how much bandwidth they'll need at peak times. Also decisions about whether you're going to be single or Multihoming have to be made and that has a big impact on service reliability and cost.
  3. You'll need to get the right of way to install your access technology. This could be done by asking your customers to host antennas and access points, but most customers don't want to do that since you as the ISP need to be able to access that gear regularly. Otherwise you need to get pole attachment rights or an agreement with your HoA to use the common areas to place your gear.
  4. Argent.
  5. Customer support, unless you live in an area where most of your neighbors are techies someone is going to have help them with their connections. You don't want to be on call 24/7/365 so who else is going to provide support? If you have to pay for that then that adds to #4.
  6. IP space, as an ISP you need to go through ARIN to get IP addresses for your customers to use. Page on
  7. Configuration and install of gear. Someone has to be able to install and configure your access gear (WiFi?), your back haul network, and your core where all of the access traffic gets aggregated together and handed off to your gateway router to go out through the WAN connection. This means expertise in Cisco (switch and router, most likely), your access point vendor, and whatever gear you're using to reach from your access network to your core. You're also going to need to run a DHCP server and administer that.
  8. Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act and other law enforcement requirements. This means logging who has what IP address and being able to help law enforcement identify users as required.
  9. Abuse, spam and other kinds of network abuse cannot be ignored since if you do your WAN provider can and will simply cut your network off from the Internet. This means that someone has to be responsive to spam and abuse complaints and that your network design should make sure that common kinds of abuse are mitigated. For example, you don't want neighbor A's PC to be able to see the network drive in neighbor B's house.

There are probably another dozen high level items that have to thought about that I could include but I have to do some actual work this morning ��

Brand Liaison

Brand Liaison, Consultant

Répondu il y a 70w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 69 et de vues de réponses 60.6k

For starting your internet provider firstly you need to apply for ISP license, ISP (Internet Service Provider) License is necessary to run the business of Broadband in India. Any MSO can apply to obtain the ISP License UL (Unified Licensing) System. UL License is given by DoT and it is valid for 20 Years. An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is the industry term for the company that is able to provide you with access to the Internet, typically from a computer. If you hear someone talking about the Internet and they mention their "provider," they're usually talking about their ISP.

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Your ISP makes the Internet a possibility. In other words, you can have shiny computer with a built-in modem and could have a router for networking, but without a subscription with an ISP, you won't have a connection to the Internet.

An ISP is your gateway to the Internet and everything else you can do online. The second your connection is activated and set up, you'll be able to send emails, go shopping, do research and more. The ISP is the link or conduit between your computer and all the other "servers" on the Internet. You may feel like you're talking to your mom directly through email, but in reality it's more "indirectly." Your email goes from your computer, to the ISP computers/servers, where it's sent along to its destination through other servers on the network.

We are BIS, WPC, ISP consultants working in Delhi , you any query regarding ISP license you can contact us on +91–8130615678 , or you can drop us a mail on [email protected]

Vladislav Zorov

Vladislav Zorov, Used to run a small-town ISP.

Répondu il y a 179w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 5.7k et de vues de réponses 10.6m

Réponse d'origine: How can I start a neighborhood ISP?

I started the first ISP in my town, when people were still using 55.6K baud modems.

It was easy - one GNU/Linux box for a gateway & shaper (and transparent Squid proxy, initially), another for a name server (later we added a third for a backup NS), one access point near the servers and a repeater up in the hills (professional 2.4GHz access points & directional antennae), then switches in hermetically-sealed boxes on utility poles, with Power-over-Ethernet and a central power supply (of course, paying for using the utility poles, and later for the underground pipes for fiber optic cables when the network was upgraded).

We had several technicians, customer support, and me as an admin (and then a friend as a second admin). It didn't even cost that much to build it - the biggest expenses were switches & kilometer rolls of cable.

There were no artificial barriers to entry, so soon there was much competition in every city - Bulgaria is currently in the top 3 when it comes to Internet speed vs. price (for something like $25, you get 100Mbps symmetric up/down with no traffic cap, fiber-to-the-home, and TV with timeshift on all channels).

Jinesh Parekh

Jinesh Parekh, ICTD Researcher, Human Computer Interaction

Mise à jour il y a 95w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 68 et de vues de réponses 120.5k

Réponse d'origine: How do I become internet service provider?

So, you want to become an Internet service provider in India? You need to consider:

  1. Legal Factors – The licenses required and guidelines to comply to become an Internet service provider in India.
  2. Business Factors – A section explaining infrastructure and start-up costs, marketing and sales strategy and support channels.
  3. Technical Factors – The technologies you need become an Internet
    service provider – Syslog server, data servers, Broadband / WiFi
    Management Software and user authentication systems.



There first thing you’re going to need is an ISP license to become an
Internet service provider in India. This is issued by the Department of
Telecom. There are 3 types of ISP licenses in issued by the Department
of Telecom in India. These licenses are allocated on the basis of service areas:

  • Service Area – Category A: This ISP license enables you to conduct business across ANY state/city in India.
  • Service Area – Category B: This ISP license enables you to conduct
    business in any of the twenty Territorial Telecom Circles and the four
    Metro Telephone Systems of Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai of the
  • Service Area – Category C: This includes any Secondary Switching
    Area (SSA) with their geographical boundaries defined by Depart of
    Telecom. The SSAs of each of the four Metro Telephone Systems of Delhi,
    Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai and Telephone Systems of four major cities
    of Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Pune with their geographical
    boundaries defined as on 1.4.1997, however, stand excluded from Category
    ‘C’ as they already form a separate Category ‘B’ Service Area.
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A lire également: How to apply for an ISP license in India



Where do you plan to provide the Internet service?

Have you considered a plan for monetization of the Internet service?

Have you considered the pricing plans you would like to offer to your end-users?

How many users do you expect to sign up for your Internet service in that area?

Do you have business plan to become an Internet service provider?

How do you intend to provide support to your end-users?

These are some of the questions we plan to answer in this section of how to become an Internet service provider in India.

A. Plan your business

The first thing you’re going to need is a business plan. You can get a sample business plan by en cliquant ici. This plan will answer most of your questions on how to start plan your ISP business.

B. Find your suppliers

The second thing you’re you going to need
is find local suppliers of wholesale bandwidth. This requires a bit of
local business intelligence. Find out who can provide you with a leased
line in the area you wish to serve. You can buy wholesale bandwidth from
more than one provider to ensure maximum up-time for your users.

C. Estimate your costs

The cost of raw bandwidth in India is very
high. Once you have negotiated with your local supplier to purchase
wholesale bandwidth, you need to start noting all your estimated costs:

  • Cost of Room / Area to keep data servers
  • Cost of Hardware / Software
  • Cost of Service
  • Cost of Marketing and Sales

D. Create pricing plan and monetization strategy

Once you have a basic understanding of your estimated costs, you need
to start creating a pricing plan for broadband / WISP service. This
pricing plan needs to be carefully thought through based on your
estimated users and their demand for data.

E. Marketing Strategy

How do you plan to reach out to your customers? Many local ISPs in
India use sales agents, brochures, bus depot advertisements and digital
marketing (or WiFi Advertising) to reach out to their potential customers. Plan a clear marketing strategy.

F. Support Strategy

Think of a clear support strategy – Set up your call center, email
ticket system and connect it with your billing management software etc.
The key to starting a successful ISP business is having fantastic



The last thing and the perhaps the most important thing to consider
is the technology that will power your Internet service provision

A. Method of Delivery

Ethernet – The first thing to consider here is method of delivery.
You can choose to have lay your own leased line (fibre optic cables) or
rent such lines from an existing company’s network. This method can be
slightly more expensive the latter method.

WiFi – Alternatively, you can also choose to deliver your Internet
service by creating a WiFi network. (Becoming Wireless Internet Service
Provider). This method of delivery has lower quality of service than the
former method.

B. Source of Delivery

Whether your method of delivery is Ethernet or WiFi; you will need to
bring your purchased bulk bandwidth to a centralised location before
you deliver it.

This location will contain your syslog server, user-data server, and
deliveries/management server. You will also need to buy a broadband or WiFi management software to create user plans, track sites as per government laws for Internet provision in India.

Links for references:

  1. Top 5 WiFi Management Software
  2. Top 5 Bandwidth Management Software

Note: If you need an ISP consultant, my organization can help: Muft Internet - Knowledge and Research Organization

ref: How to become an Internet service provider in India? - Muft Internet

Shawn Kleinart

Shawn Kleinart, en utilisant le net depuis environ 1993. Je suis un ingénieur réseau maintenant; J'ai une très bonne compréhension de la façon dont le ...

Répondu il y a 197w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 1.6k et de vues de réponses 1.5m

Réponse d'origine: I want to start an ISP in a village. How can I go about it?

There are a lot of variables that need to be better understood first.

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Depending on the politics involved and interest of local government, I'd be willing to help ... I have an interest in doing the same thing. You need a few engineers - at least one that can do the physical installation/construction and another that can provide the logical design and services.

The first consideration is infrastructure and how/where you'll provide service. If the topology is similar to the United States, where we have majority of populations in suburban areas ,and you want to connect peoples homes, this is a challenge. You need the interest and support of the local government. You'll likely need some investors and capital to work with.

Probably the best approach is to run fiber as far as you can ... to the home if possible, but at least to 'the curb.' Depending on density and other geographical considerations (you say "a village"), a wireless system is possible.

Building the provider core network and connecting to the Internet has been done thousands of times and is a proven science. The "last mile" is the first question to address, and understanding the demand (needed bandwidth).

Kelly Kinkade

Kelly Kinkade, been using the Internet since before Endless September!

Répondu il y a 179w · L'auteur dispose de réponses 8.1k et de vues de réponses 43.8m

Réponse d'origine: How can I start a neighborhood ISP?

Usually, the hardest part of starting an ISP is negotiating the rights of way to actually connect to customers. DSL providers get around this because they can organize as CLECs, which gives them the right to demand to use the rights of way already owned by the ILEC (also known as the "phone company") at a fixed tariff rate, and the provider may be able to make a profit even after paying the ILEC that tariff if they can find ways to save elsewhere in the enterprise. For other last-mile access methods (cable, fibre, WiFi) you will have to negotiate, either owner-by-owner or with someone who already has a general right of way (typically, a franchise tax board or other municipal authority, or the controlling board of a homeowner's association) for the necessary access to run cables and fibre and to install necessary equipment. This can become exceedingly expensive, as owners typically have to be given some reason to agree to let you use their property, and that reason is usually money. Just the cost of recording the easements and covenants that memorialize these agreements can be substantial. This is obviously more true with cable and fibre than it is with WiFi (since you don't need a property right to beam WiFi through someone's property), but it's not entirely removed with WiFi.

About the only time this usually ends up being even remotely easy is when the area you plan to serve is within the umbrella of a single HOA, in which case you can try to strike a deal with the HOA administrator and thereby gain access to all of the properties covered by that HOA. This is probably the only way to get a large enough number of customers as to have a chance of covering the backend costs without a huge frontend cost for acquiring rights of way. Otherwise, your customer acquisition costs will simply be too high, and you won't recover the cost of acquiring each customer within a reasonable time frame.

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